Bernese Mountain Dog: FCI breed standard
Bernese Shepherd Dog Standard (Bernese Mountain Dog) FCI No. 45 (03/19/1993)
Watchdog, cattle, companion
Group 2. Pinschers and schnauzers - Dog-like - Swiss Shepherds
Section 3. Swiss Shepherd Dogs.
No performance testing.
In the photo: Bernese Mountain Dog
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Bernese Shepherd is a farm dog with generic roots, which was used as a guard and draft, as well as to accompany cattle in the alpine foothills and environs of Bern. It was originally named “Durbachler” by the name of the village of Durbach near Riggisberg, where this long-haired tricolor farm dog was especially highly regarded. In 1902, 1904 and 1907 representatives of this breed were exhibited at dog shows. In 1907, several breeders from the Burgdorf area decided to support purebred breeding of this native dog by setting up the Swiss Dürbach Club and determining the characteristics of the breed in the first standard. In 1910, at the invitation of the Durbach Club, farmers already showed 107 individuals. From that day on, this progressive dog, renamed the Bernese Shepherd (following the example of other breeds of Swiss Shepherd), soon became known throughout Switzerland and Southern Germany. Today, the Bernese Shepherd is well-known and highly regarded throughout the world as a companion and dog for the whole family, thanks to its wonderful three-color shirt and wide applicability.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: A long-haired tricolor working dog is above average height, massive build, but agile well balanced in all respects.
IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIP: Rather not stretched.
Oblique body length: height at the withers = 10: 9.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT: Confident, attentive, watchful, undaunted in situations of everyday life, good-natured and devoted to close people, friendly with outsiders of normal temperament and obedient.
HEAD: Massive. The cranium, when viewed from the front and in profile, is very slightly rounded. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is well defined without being too pronounced. Frontal groove slightly marked.
Muzzle: Massive, medium length nasal dorsum straight.
Lips: Not overdeveloped, adhere well to the jaw with black pigmentation.
Jaws and teeth: Jaws strong, full dentition scissor bite.
EYES: Dark brown, almond-shaped, with well-fitting eyelids.
Ears: Triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the ends, set high, medium in size, hanging at rest, resting flat on the head.
NECK: Strong, muscular, medium length.
PAD: Compact and massive.
Chest: Broad and deep, reaching the elbows, the front part of the chest is well developed section of the chest in the form of a wide oval.
Back: Strong, straight, flat.
Loin: Broad and strong.
Croup: Slightly rounded.
Belly: Not matched.
Tail: Fluffy, reaching at least the hocks, kept logs at rest in movement - at back level or slightly higher.
FRONT: The front legs are set quite wide, straight and parallel.
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are long, strong and oblique, form a not too open angle with the humerus, well attached to the chest, muscular.
Metacarpus: Almost sheer, strong.
Feet: Short, rounded and well-arched in a lump.
HINDQUARTER: When viewed from behind, the hind limbs are straight and not very narrow, the hock joints and legs are not turned inward or outward. Dewclaws are removed.
Hips: Pretty long, strong, wide and muscular, with good knee angles.
Hocks: Strong, with well defined articulation angles.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Healthy and harmonious movements in all gait, cover a large area with a free, sweeping step of the forelimbs, with a strong push of the hind legs to trot, moving away and approaching, legs move straight and parallel.
COAT: Long, smooth or slightly wavy.
COLOR: Tar-black, with rich tan marks on the cheekbones, above the eyes, on all four legs and on the chest, and with the following white marks:
- clear white symmetrical marks on the head:
- a hole that stretches to the nose on both sides of the muzzle, the hole should not reach tan marks above the eyes, and white on the face should not go beyond the corners of the mouth,
- moderately large, not separated white marks on the throat and chest,
- desirable: white paws,
white tip of the tail,
- tolerant: a small white mark on the scruff of the neck,
slight white anal mark.
GROWTH of the Bernese Mountain Dog: Males 64 - 70 cm at the withers, ideal height 66 - 68 cm.
Females 58 - 66 cm at the withers, ideal height 60 - 63 cm.
DEFECTS: Any deviation from the above points should be considered as a flaw or vice depending on the severity.
- Light skeleton.
- Snack or overshot mouth.
- Lack of teeth, except for one or two P1 (first premolar) M3 (third molar) is not considered.
- Entropy, ectropy.
- Weak back, high back, a falling top line.
- Twisted tail, thickening or kink of the tail.
- Distinctly curly hair.
- Color defects:
- lack of white on the head,
- the hole is too large and / or a white mark on the face clearly goes beyond the corners of the mouth,
- a large white mark on the scruff of the neck,
- a white collar,
- the white marks on the front legs clearly extend above the middle of the metacarpus,
- conspicuous asymmetry of white marks on the head and chest,
- black speck on a white chest,
- specks on white marks,
- black wool with a touch of sandstone or red,
- indecisive behavior, aggressiveness.
- Forked nose.
- Blue eyes, partially or completely.
- Short coat, spitz-like coat.
- Not a three-color shirt.
- Not a black primary color.
NOTE: Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.