Beauceron: FCI standard and breed description
FCI Boseron breed standard No. 44 / 09.11.2006 (Berger de Beauce)
PUBLICATION DATE PREVIOUS STANDARD
Group 1. Watchdogs and racing dogs (excluding Swiss shepherd dogs)
With working tests.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE BREED: a Bosnian dog, Beauceron, "red stocking" - this is the name of this ancient dog breed that lived in the lowlands of France in the late 19th century. Beauceron was distinguished by a smooth scalp, stiff, short hair and cropped ears. On the dog's body there were fawn (reddish-brown) marks, especially noticeable on the legs, where they formed spots in the form of stockings, due to which Beauceron got his nickname - red stocking. The coat color was, as a rule, black and fawn, however, the Beaucerons were found with gray, and with completely black, and even with a completely fawn color. The Beaucerons were bred and raised for grazing and guarding flocks of sheep.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: the dog is large, strong, powerful, well-cut, muscular, but not bulky.
Pictured: Beauceron French Shepherd
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: the structure of the body is harmonious, proportional. The length of the body from the shoulder to the sciatic tubercle slightly exceeds the height at the withers. The head is long: 2/5 of the height at the withers. The height and width of the head is slightly less than half of its total length. The skull and muzzle are the same length.
BEHAVIOR: Behavior is calm, confident. Glance straight, without a shadow of timidity or anxiety. The character is calm and fearless at the same time.
HEAD: proportional to the body, good shape, with clear harmonious lines. Seen from the side, the upper lines of the skull and muzzle lie approximately in the same plane.
CRANIAL REGION: Skull: flat or slightly rounded transition weakly marked, occipital protuberance visible.
Nose: proportional to the size of the muzzle, well developed, without cracks and furrows, always black.
Muzzle: neither narrow nor sharp.
Lips: firm, heavily pigmented. The upper lip completely covers the lower. There is a small “pocket” in the corners of the lips.
Teeth: Strong, with scissor bite.
Eyes: directly set, always rounded, dark brown color, lighter shade is not allowed even with fawn. In dogs with harlequin color, eyes of different colors are allowed.
Ears: Set high. Cropped ears stand straight, without tilting to the center, or to the sides, while they are slightly directed forward, uncropped ears hang slightly, should not be pressed to the cheekbones. Auricle without folds and bends, rather short. The length of the uncropped ear is half the length of the head. For a correctly set ear, the middle line coincides with the imaginary line coming from the edges of the neck.
Neck: muscular, long, harmoniously passing into the shoulder blades.
Top line: the back is straight. The loin is short, wide, and muscular. Croup with a slight slope.
Chest: deep and long, the lower line of the chest is lowered below the elbow, the girth of the chest exceeds the height at the withers by more than one fifth.
TAIL: not docked, lowered down, reaches at least to the hocks and forms a light J-shaped bend. During movement or in a state of excitement, the tail can rise, thereby continuing the top line.
FOREQUARTERS: Seen from the front and side, straight, even.
Shoulders: inclined, moderately long.
Paws: large, round, compact. The claws are always black. Finger pads are firm, resilient.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the side and rear, straight.
Hips: Broad and muscular.
Hocks: Strong, not too close to the ground, about ¼ of the height at the withers. Form an open angle with a shin.
Metatarsus: vertical, with the posture slightly set back, beyond the point of the ischial tubercle.
Feet: large, round, compact.
Dewclaws: Traditionally, shepherds seek to retain double dewclaws. Dewclaws are noticeably separated, located close to the paws, with black claws.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: flexible, free movements. The dog rearranges the limbs on the same line level. Beauceron is characterized by a wide lynx with long sweeping movements.
COAT: The hair on the head is smooth, on the body is short, thick, strong, tight-fitting, 3-4 cm long on the backs of the thighs and the lower part of the tail forms mandatory tows and suspension. The undercoat is short, thin, thick, soft, preferably mouse gray. Tight to the skin, invisible through the outer hair.
a) Black with fawn (black color with fawn marks): “red stockings”. Black color of a pure shade, fawn - red squirrel. Fawn marks are distributed as follows on the surface of the housing:
- Spots over the eyes.
- On the sides of the muzzle - gradually decreasing to the cheekbones, not lower than the ear level.
- On the chest, preferably the presence of two spots.
- Under the neck.
- Under the tail.
- Bottom on the legs (approximately in the lower third), on the inside of the legs can be located slightly higher.
b) Harlequin (bluish-motley with tan marks): gray, fawn black, black and gray are represented in equal proportions; spots are clearly distributed; sometimes black dominates. The tan marks are the same as the black and fawn. The presence of a soft spot on the chest is allowed.
GROWTH: Height at the withers: in males - from 65 to 70 cm in females - from 61 to 68 cm.
DISADVANTAGES: Any deviation from the above points is considered a disadvantage, the degree of which is determined by how much it differs from the standard.
BASES FOR DISQUALIFICATION:
- Dogs are aggressive or not confident enough.
- Size beyond the agreed standard.
- The backbone is too light.
- Too bright eyes, eyes of different colors (except for harlequins).
- The presence of furrows and cracks in the nose, nose is not black, with unpigmented areas.
- Snack or overshot with loss of contact, absence of three or more teeth (first premolars are not taken into account).
- Standing uncropped ears.
- The hind limbs are excessively turned outward.
- Simple dewclaws or lack of dewclaws on the hind limbs.
- Short tail tail, wrapped above the level of the back.
- Coat: coat color and texture differ from those specified in the standard. Complete absence of tan marks. Shaggy coat. Pronounced, noticeable white spot on the chest. In dogs with harlequin color: one side is overly colored in gray and black, the other side is completely gray in gray color (lack of black color).
Any anatomical or behavioral abnormalities are grounds for disqualification.
N.B .: Males should have two normally developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.