Griffon FCI standard and full description
FCI Standard No. 80 BRUSSELS GRIFFON
FCI Standard No. 81 BELGIUM GRIFFON
FCI Standard No. 82 SMALL BRABANSON
PUBLICATION DATE PREVIOUS STANDARD
Small guard dog and companion dog
Group 9. Companion dogs
Without working trials.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
All three breeds (Brussels Griffon, Belgian Griffon and Lesser Brabanson) come from a small wire-haired dog called Smousje, which has been found in the Brussels area for centuries. In the 19th century, by crossing these dogs with Ruby King Charles Spaniels and Pugs, a modern pedigree type with short black hair was obtained. These small dogs are very vigilant, and they were bred mainly to protect the crews and to prevent rodents from entering the stables. In 1883, the first Brussels Griffons were registered with L.O.S.H. (Belgian Stud Book). The dogs were called Topsy L.O.S.H. No. 163 and Foxine L.O.S.H. No. 164. By 1900, this breed, along with the rest, became very popular due to the interest that was shown to her by the Queen of Belgium, Maria Henrietta. A large number of individuals were exported abroad, which contributed to the rapid spread of the breed and its popularity.
GENERAL FORM: The small companion dog is smart, well-balanced, alert, self-respecting, strong, almost square in shape, with a good skeleton, but at the same time, elegant in movement and constitution, and with an almost human expression that cannot but attract attention . Both Griffon are wire-haired dogs and vary in color, while Small Brabanson is a short-haired dog.
IMPORTANT IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body from the shoulder to the sciatic tubercles should be as close as possible to the height of the dog at the withers.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: A well-balanced small dog, alert, self-respecting, very dedicated to the owner, very alert. Not timid and not aggressive.
HEAD: The most characteristic feature of the breed and the most outstanding. The head is quite large compared to the body and with an almost human expression. Griffon's coat is stiff, straight and tousled, and is longer around the eyes, cheekbones, and chin.
SKULL AREA: The skull is wide and rounded with a convex forehead. Stop (transition from forehead to muzzle): Pronounced.
Nose: Black, wide, with wide open nostrils. Located on the same level as the eyes. The tip of the nose is tilted back so that when viewed from the side, the nose and forehead are in the same plane.
Muzzle: Very short and should not exceed 1.5 cm in length. As for Lesser Brabanson, its muzzle seems longer, since it does not have longer hair. An upturned muzzle, in cases where the upper line of the nose is located below the line of the eyes, is a serious drawback.
Lips: Black, tight to each other. The upper lip is not saggy, and it covers the lower. If the upper lip is too saggy, then this spoils the desired expression.
Jaw / Teeth: The lower jaw is curved upward, wide, not spiky and protruding beyond the upper jaw. The incisors on each jaw should be located, forming a straight line, and so that the upper and lower are parallel to each other. The mouth should be tightly closed, and the teeth and tongue should not be visible. The width and prominent part of the chin is very important. Due care must be taken to ensure that all cutters are complete.
Eyes: Widely spaced, large, round, not convex. Brown, but as dark as possible. The eyes on the edges should be black, and it is desirable that the proteins are not visible.The disadvantages are small, oval or bright eyes.
Ears: Small, set high and with sufficient distance between them. Uncropped ears are semi-erect and hang forward. Too large ears are not undesirable, as are ears hanging on the side of the head. Cropped ears are pointed and erect. Cropped and uncropped ears are equally allowed.
NECK: Medium length, harmoniously combined with the shoulders.
CASE: The length of the body is almost identical to the height at the withers, which gives the impression of a small, powerful dog with a square format.
Withers: Slightly raised.
Back: Straight, short, strong.
Loin: Short, muscular and only slightly arched.
Croup: Broad, straight and only slightly sloping.
Chest: Broad, well lowered to the elbows. The sternum is clearly expressed, which when viewed from the side gives the impression of a slightly protruding chest forward. Ribs well springed, but not barrel-shaped and not flat.
Bottom line: Belly slightly taut. The groin line is clearly defined.
TAIL: High set and raised up. The tail is docked at two-thirds of the length. The uncropped tail points up. The tip of the tail is directed towards the back, but should not touch or twist it. A serious drawback is a short, broken or curled tail.
General view: The forelimbs are parallel to each other, with a good skeleton and quite wide apart.
Shoulders: Normal angles of the forelimbs.
Elbows: Located close to the hull.
Feet: Small, round, not turned outward or inward.
The fingers are tightly pressed. Spliced fingers are undesirable. The pads are thick and as dark as possible. Claws should be black, or as dark as possible.
General view: The hind limbs are parallel to each other, with a good skeleton. The angles of the hind limbs are balanced with the front.
Knee joint (knee): Sufficient angles of the knee joints. Hocks: Strongly lowered with normal set.
Feet: See Forelegs. Dewclaws on the hind legs are undesirable.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Powerful, parallel movements of the limbs with good rear shocks. Movement with a high elevation of the forelimbs and amble are disadvantages.
Coat: Brussels and Belgian Griffons are wire-haired dogs with undercoat. The coat is stiff, slightly wavy and not curly, which should be trimmed. In order to evaluate the structure of the coat, it must be of sufficient length. Too long a coat that spoils the overall appearance is undesirable. Silky or curly hair is a serious flaw. Small Brabanson is a short-haired dog with a stiff, straight and shiny coat, the length of which is (for the most part, about 2 cm).
Mustache and beard: Griffon's mustache and beard begin under the eyes and from ear to ear, covering the face and cheekbones with thick hair that is longer than the coat on the rest of the body. Above the eyes, the coat should be longer than the coat on other parts of the head, forming eyebrows.
Brussels Griffon: Red, reddish, a small amount of black is allowed on the mustache and beard.
Belgian Griffon: Black and tan. The tan marks should be of such a color. They are located in front of the forelimbs from the paws to the wrists and on the hind limbs from the paws to the hocks. They are also found on the inside of the limbs, on the chest, on the cheekbones, on the chin, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, under the tail and around the anus. There is a mixture of black with reddish-brown, which is allowed, but black or black and tan is preferred.
Lesser Brabanson: The same colors allowed by Griffons. Has a dark mask.The presence of gray or gray hair on a mask in old dogs is not a disadvantage.
For all three breeds, a small amount of white hair on the chest is undesirable, but allowed.
Varies from 3.5 to 6 kg.
DEFECTS: Any departure from the above points should be regarded as a defect. The seriousness of a defect should be proportionate to its degree.
Temperament: aggressiveness or excessive shyness.
Lack of pigmentation on the nose. Any other pigmentation except black.
Visible tongue with closed mouth.
Curved lower jaw.
The upper jaw protrudes above the lower jaw.
Any colors other than those described in the Standard, such as gray, blue and tan, brown and tan, liver.
Any white spots.
A dog that clearly exhibits physical or mental disabilities should be disqualified.
N.B .: Male animals should have two normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.