Akita Inu: description and standard of the breed, photo
Akita Inu breed standard FCI No. 255 dated 2.04.2001
Group 5. Spitz-shaped and primitive types of dogs.
Section 5. Asian Spitz.
Without working trials.
On the picture:Akita Inu
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Initially, Japanese dogs were small or medium in size, large breeds were absent. Since 1603, Akita Matagi (medium-sized dogs for hunting bears) have been used in the Akita district for dog fights. Since 1868, the Matagi crossed with Tosa Inu and Mastiffs, as a result of which the size of the breed increased, but at the same time the features of the Spitz-like type disappeared.
In 1908, dog fighting was banned, but nevertheless the breed was preserved and improved, becoming the Japanese breed of large dogs. As a result, in 1931, nine prominent representatives of the breed were named "Natural Monuments".
During the Second World War (1939 - 1945) dogs were often used as furs for military clothing. By order of the police, all dogs were captured and confiscated, with the exception of German shepherds used in military service. Some lovers tried to circumvent this order by mating their dogs with German shepherds.
Towards the end of World War II, the number of Akits fell sharply. In addition, three distinct intra-breed types stood out: 1) Matagi Akita 2) fighting Akita and 3) shepherd Akita. As a result, the situation in the breed turned out to be very complicated and confusing.
During the restoration of the purebred Akit stock after the war, the short-term but significant popularity was gained by a male dog from the Dewa line, nicknamed Kongo-go, in whose exterior the influence of both mastiffs and German shepherds was traced. Nevertheless, reasonable and educated breed lovers did not consider it a carrier of the type of real Japanese breed, so they made efforts to eliminate the influence of foreign breeds and restore the original pure breed by mating with Matagi Akita. They managed to get a stable herd of dogs of large Japanese breed, in the form in which they are known today.
A large dog, well balanced, powerful and lasting: secondary sexual characteristics, the dog has a noble appearance, has modesty and self-esteem. The constitution type is strong.
The ratio of the height at the withers to the length of the body (from the shoulder protrusion to the sciatic tubercle) is 10:11, while in females the body is longer than in males.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT:
Character restrained, loyal, obedient and receptive.
Skull: Size proportional to body. The forehead is wide, with a distinct hollow in the middle. No wrinkles.
Stop (transition from forehead to muzzle): Pronounced.
Nose: Large and black. Slight diffuse depigmentation is allowed only with a white color, with a black nose being preferred.
Muzzle: Moderately long, powerful, with a broad base, tapering towards the nose, but not pointed. The back of the nose is straight.
Jaws / Teeth: Powerful teeth, scissor bite.
Lips: Tight. Cheeks: Moderately developed.
Eyes: Relatively small, raised external corners give them an almost triangular shape, moderately spaced, dark brown: the darker the better.
Ears: Relatively small, thick, triangular in shape with slightly rounded tips, moderately spaced, erect, tilted forward.
Thick and muscular, without suspension, proportional to the head.
Back: Straight and strong.
Loin: Broad and muscular.
Chest: Deep, with well-developed front part, ribs moderately arched.
High-set, thick, energetically thrown onto the back in a lowered state, the tip of the tail almost reaches the hock joints.
Straight, with a heavy skeleton.
Shoulder: Moderately sloping, developed.
Elbows: Tightly pressed to the body.
Well developed, powerful, with moderate angles
Thick, round, arched, in a lump
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Coat: the integumentary hair is hard and straight, the undercoat is soft and thick at the withers and sacrum, the hair is slightly longer on the tail than on the body.
Color: Red-fawn, sesame (red-fawn hair with black tips), brindle and white. For all of the above colors, with the exception of white, the dog should have a “Urazhiro” (Urazhiro is a whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheekbones, lower surface of the jaw, on the neck, chest, body and tail, as well as on the inner surfaces of the legs).
Growth at the withers:
• Male: 67 cm
• Bitch: 61 cm
Deviation from the above dimensions is allowed no more than 3 cm in any direction.
Any deviation from the above requirements is considered a drawback, and its seriousness is evaluated strictly in proportion to its severity.
• Deviation from the sexual type (male in female type or female in male type).
• Snack or overshot mouth.
• Tongue with blue or black spots.
• The clarified iris of the eye.
• Short tail.
• Unstable ears.
• Hanging tail.
• Long hair (shaginess).
• Black mask.
• Marks on a white background.
N.B .: Dogs should have two normal, completely lowered testicles.